It stood for 420 years on the same site as the First Temple, on Mount Moriah.The Second Temple was remodeled several times, but reached its most magnificent form during the reign of King Herod the Great (37-4 BCE). The Second Temple period ended with the Roman destruction of Jerusalem in 70 CE.Is either party's claim for Jerusalem stronger, or is it merely a case of "might makes right?
From the Jewish perspective, the area of special holiness is Mount Moriah, today known as the Temple Mount.
(Archaeologists agree that the original Canaanite city and the City of David was located in what is now the Arab village of Silwan, a few meters south of the "modern" walls of the Old City.) David purchased the peak of Mount Moriah (2-Samuel -25) as the site for the future Temple and gathered the necessary building supplies. 6-8) describes in great detail how David's son, King Solomon, built and dedicated the Temple: "And it came to pass after the 408th year after the Children of Israel left Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel...
that he began to build the house of the Lord" (1-Kings 6:1).
Yasser Arafat constantly repeats that there can be no peace without Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine and total Muslim sovereignty over the Temple Mount.
Indeed, the last Camp David Summit floundered over Arafat's uncompromising position on the issue of controlling the site.
Later patriarchal stories in Genesis are also connected with the site: We see from here that for thousands of years, the Jewish people have always associated Mount Moriah as the place where God's presence can be felt more intensely than any other place on earth.