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The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 governs the procedural aspects of the criminal law.

Jury trials were abolished by the government in 1960 on the grounds they would be susceptible to media and public influence. State of Maharashtra, which was overturned by higher courts.

This decision was based on an 8-1 acquittal of Kawas Nanavati in K. In February 2011, the Supreme Court of India ruled that criminal defendants have a constitutional right to counsel. The last execution was conducted on February 28, 2017, when two women, Renuka Shinde and Seema Mohan Gavit, who were guilty of kidnapping and killing at least 13 children under 6 years, were executed at Yerwada Central Jail in the morning.

They were also the first women in India to be given capital punishment.

This report was submitted by the Law commission of India on .

State owes tortious Liability under Article 300 of Indian Constitution.

Customs and excise duties are also levied by the Central government.

Sales tax is levied under VAT legislation at the state level.

The Arthashastra, dating from 400 BC and the Manusmriti, from 100 AD, were influential treatises in India, texts that were considered authoritative legal guidance.

Separate laws govern Sikhs, Hindus, Muslims, Christians, and followers of other religions.

The exception to this rule is in the state of Goa, where a uniform civil code is in place, in which all religions have a common law regarding marriages, divorces, and adoption.

Early in this period, which culminated in the creation of the Gupta Empire, relations with ancient Greece and Rome were not infrequent.

The appearance of similar fundamental institutions of international law in various parts of the world show that they are inherent in international society, irrespective of culture and tradition.

The authority to levy a tax is derived from the Constitution of India which allocates the power to levy various taxes between the Centre and the State.

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