Intimidating parents

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Data were also collected about parental education, family income, ethnicity, and other social and demographic factors.Nearly half the study parents reported that they had used harsh verbal discipline within the past year.Parents often shift from physical discipline, hitting or spanking, to verbal discipline when their children enter adolescence.Wang and his co-author, Sarah Kenny, found that harsh verbal discipline is often linked with increased conduct or behavior problems, increased levels of aggression, and interpersonal problems in children.This parenting style is associated with fewer behavior problems and researchers have wondered whether positive parenting can decrease the negative impact on harsh verbal discipline when they occur in the same relationship.

The problems associated with physical punishment are well known, but even parents who would never dream of hitting their kids may still resort to shouting at them when they are pushed to the limit.Rather than feeling nurtured, the teen frequently becomes suspicious of his or her angry parents and feels the need to defend him- or herself. The teens become overly self-critical and develop negative self-images and low self-esteem.This can be the start of a pattern of poor choices regarding peers and behavior.Sometimes, harsh parenting and positive parenting styles occur together in families.Positive parenting means that parents express warmth, comfort, concern and affection towards their children and are responsive to their physical and emotional needs.They recruited 976 adolescents ages 13-14 from 10 public middle schools in Pennsylvania. The children and their families were evaluated first during 7th grade and again during 8th grade, a year later.

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