Since the 20th century the majority reside in the southern hemisphere due to secularisation of Europe, and increased persecution in the Middle East.
From the late 20th century, the Catholic Church has been criticised for its doctrines on sexuality, its refusal to ordain women and its handling of sexual abuse cases.
The triple crown papal tiara symbolises the triple power of the Pope as "father of kings", "governor of the world" and "Vicar of Christ".
The gold cross on a monde (globe) surmounting the tiara symbolises the sovereignty of Jesus.
Headed by the Bishop of Rome, known as the Pope, the church's doctrines are summarised in the Nicene Creed.
Its central administration, the Holy See, is in the Vatican City, enclaved within Rome, Italy.
There are three levels of clergy, the episcopate, composed of bishops who hold jurisdiction over a geographic area called a diocese or eparchy; the presbyterate, composed of priests ordained by bishops and who work in local diocese or religious orders; and the diaconate, composed of deacons who assist bishops and priests in a variety of ministerial roles.
Ultimately leading the entire Catholic Church is the Bishop of Rome, commonly called the pope, whose jurisdiction is called the Holy See.
Spirituality, family goals and character are just a few of the 29 dimensions we take into consideration, so you can be sure you’ll be matched with Catholic singles who share the same views as you when it really counts.In parallel to the diocesan structure are a variety of religious institutes that function autonomously, often subject only to the authority of the pope, though sometimes subject to the local bishop.Most religious institutes only have male or female members but some have both.If you’re a single Roman Catholic looking for like-minded Catholic men or women online, e Harmony is the perfect place to start.We’re a free online dating website that specialises in helping people find meaningful, long-lasting relationships.The Catholic Church teaches that it is the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic church founded by Jesus Christ in his Great Commission, Of its seven sacraments the Eucharist is the principal one, celebrated liturgically in the Mass.