The ultimate goal of all nature and history is an unending reign of cosmic intimacy with God, entailing universal justice and peace.
Between creation and redemption lies the particularistic designation of the Jewish people as the locus of God’s activity in the world, as the people chosen by God to be “a kingdom of priests and a holy nation” ( 19:6).
Judaism, whether in its “normative” form or in its sectarian deviations, never completely departed from this basic ethical and historical monotheism..
This formulation could be theologically reconciled with the assumption that Christianity had been preordained even before the creation of the world.
Israel’s role in the divine economy and thus Israel’s particular culpability were dominant themes sounded against the motif of fulfillment, the ultimate triumph of the divine purpose, and the establishment of divine sovereignty over all humankind.As the prophet ) expressed it: “You alone have I intimately known of all the families of the earth; therefore I will punish you for all your iniquities” (Amos 3:2).The universal goal of the Jewish people has frequently expressed itself in —the idea of a universal, political realm of justice and peace.Furthermore, God—as person—had revealed in a particular encounter the pattern and structure of communal and individual life to this people.Claiming sovereignty over the people because of his continuing action in history on their behalf, he had established a History, moreover, disclosed not only God’s purpose but also humankind’s inability to live in accord with it.Jewish monotheism has had both universalistic and particularistic features.